Saturn is the most beautiful member of our solar charming family of eight major planets. It is the second largest planet in our Solar System, after Jupiter, and is surrounded by 62 known moons , and a myriad of dance, small moons that are just 2-3 kilometers away. They are usually icy objects , sparkling inside and outside the magnificent rings of Saturn system.
Saturn and Jupiter are two gaseous planets of our solar system . Both are residents of the outer solar system , and are mostly very dense , deep atmospheres together. Some planetary scientists believe that the two great worlds have no solid surface beneath their heavy gas envelopes. , Think but other planetary scientists that Jupiter and Saturn have to do relatively small solid cores . The other two major planets that are to reside in the outer regions of our solar system, Uranus and Neptune . Uranus and Neptune are thought to be large glacial cores , rocky material and gaseous envelopes, as were not nearly as thick composed have Jupiter and Saturn . Uranus and Neptune are the two ice - giant planets of the outer solar system, and they are smaller than the gas giants Jupiter and Saturn.
For many scientists and the public, the rings of Saturn always steal the show. The rings are a collection of countless pieces of ice the size of the small RauchgroßeTeilchen the size of houses to pieces . To interact with each other is in an exquisite dance, and they are also on their planet magnetosophere These small circular glass objects - this is the region of magnetic influence of a planet - as well as the larger moons . Key to create a very large scale , but abnormally thin and ethereal rings which is about 250,000 kilometers across , but only tens and hundreds of meters deep. The origin and age of the rings remain deliciously mysterious. Theories abound and vary greatly . Different perspectives suggest that the rings can also be younger than 100 million years old if that 4.5 billion years planet itself . Determining the age of the rings is an important scientific work. This is because the answer to this question is difficult , ultimately , a fundamental and necessary to the origin and development of the Saturn system itself reference . Although rings have many properties that make them seem pretty young , so, they may have been around for as long as Saturn.
Rings G , F, A, B, and C, which are listed in the outermost regions deeper : beautiful Saturn ring system is divided into five main components of astronomers. However, the reality is more complex than this simple ranking suggests. These areas are divided into thousands of individual loops . The A- , C - B rings and can be easily recognized and is very broad. However, the F and G rings are thin and ethereal and very difficult to observe. There is also a large gap between the A ring and B- ring, which is referred to Cassini .
Although Saturn's ring system is the most popular and easiest to observe all giant planets apartment in the outer limits of our sports ring systems of the solar system . However, circling the ring systems of the three other giant planets are not as spectacular as Saturn. But that does not mean that the ring systems of the other giant planets are irrelevant. As Saturn , the other three outer planets are also home to a variety of small moons dance that followed just beyond the orbit or very close rings admirable result of larger moons .
On 1 July 2004 the Cassini spacecraft swept NASA orbiting Saturn and began remarkable images. Although Saturn seems to be a peaceful planet 's surface , Cassini found that appearances can be deceptive if it is reproduced the " spring storm " Saturn exploded in spring 2011. NASA discovery of this huge storm on October 25, 2012 order . The terrible storm was a huge cloud cover as large as the whole earth, and the "largest ever discovered and hottest stratospheric vortex of our solar system . " At one on a Saturn " almost unbelievable " when the top regional temperature of 150 degrees Celsius, which is the largest ever recorded in our solar system component snap Cassini also discovered . Dr. Brigitte Hesman , part of the Cassini team presented at the 26th October 2012 L ', National Geographic News, " We were very shocked when we detected the temperature change . - Nothing like this has ever been observed before, " Dr. Hesman is a researcher at the University of Maryland.
With considerable peak temperature was a huge deposit of the gaseous hydrocarbon ethylene , which is a byproduct of methane that had been previously observed in trace amounts in the atmosphere of the planet ring . As ethylene was so dramatic and sudden abundance is a mystery.
"We know that this was all a big storm in the lower atmosphere caused " where hot enough to condense and form water clouds , Hesman note on temperatures.
Oval storm formed when two hotspots Saturn constantly drehWolkenDeckeund merged collision. The resulting storm was not visible to the human eye . However, he could shine in the infrared. The storm raged in the northern latitudes of Saturn in the second half of 2010 and before 2011 , and was the largest recorded since 1903 strudel . In fact, the storm was so great that it swept all the way across the planet , and in fact took his own tail. At its peak, the storm - which produces very strong winds and intense bursts of devastating Flash - formed a cloud cover, Saturn in a group that is 9000 miles wide surrounded !
A year Saturn is about 30 Earth years . Saturn will hit at the same distance from a major storm . The "Big Spring Storm " came 11 years later than expected and stayed for more than half a year. Dispatched visible storm clouds in the troposphere of Saturn and energy waves fired hundreds of miles. This has created huge "tags" hot air blown into the stratosphere. Although planetary scientists should decompose these tags and let cool until the beginning of 2011 , they were hooked together instead of creating a huge vortex that for a short time was in fact larger than Jupiter well-known , huge Great Red Spot . A strange soupy cauldron of hot gas was also seen around the huge swivel.
The shining beacon should fade and eventually disappear by 2012. Questions , however, planetary scientist , what other surprises are in store on this beautiful , mysterious puzzle of a giant planet . Two articles describe the vortex is in November 2012 , in the journal Icarus one , the other published in the Astrophysical Journal.
Why produce the Saturn storm , so many strange phenomena? " We are one of the study this year to try to understand ," said Hesman National Geographic .
I am a writer and astronomer , whose articles have been published in various magazines , newspapers and magazines since 1981. Although I wrote about a variety of subjects , I especially like writing about astronomy because it gives me the opportunity to communicate with others the many wonders of my domain. My first book, " wisps , ashes and smoke , " will be published shortly .